Ethnic groups in Italy
The major ethnic group in Italy is the Italians, who account for 95% (above 60 millions) of the total population of Italy. The remaining 5% of the population consists of ethnicities like Albanians, Romanians, Ukrainians and other Europeans (2.5%); Africans (1.5%) and several other minorities (1%).
If one refers to the history of Italy, it can be observed that for a long period, the region where modern days Italy exists as a single state was divided into separate provinces that were controlled by different ethnicities. In the past, Greeks, Celts, Romans, and older Italian peoples have had control of the Italian peninsula. The Romans were strong in northern parts of Italy while Greeks dominated the south, and the early Italian tribes were found in the north and central parts of the peninsula. Others that ruled different regions of the Italian peninsula in varied time period belonged to ethnicities that include Catalans, Norman, Swabian and Angevin.
Because of this joint occupation, there were several descendants of the different ethnic groups that remained back in the Italy and eventually accepted themselves as Italians. The culture of the Italians has been strongly influenced by those of the Romans, who were very aggressive rulers in the history of Italy. As Italy had remained in a divided form for several centuries, the Italians from each of these provinces had their own regional dialects and culture which can still be seen in Italy.
One survey claims that Italians choose settling in the rural locations rather than larger cities. It claims that only about 60% of the Italians stay in cities, which is lowest compared to other populations in other European countries. Many Italians prefer to be identified by their province which is their native region. Major Italians are Roman Catholics though there are some minor groups that follow Protestantism or Judaism.Â
Italians from diverse fields have contributed a lot to our world. Numerous Italian scientists that have created some world famous inventions includes but is not limited to: Leonardo Da Vinci, Galileo " the man who showed practically Kepler" s laws of planetary movement, Antonio Meucci- who invented a telephone, Antonio Pacinotti- who invented dynamo and Alessandro Volta- who invented electric battery.
Aound two thousand years ago, the island of Sicily was ruled by the African Arabs for nearly two hundred years. Though it has been a long period since their defeat by the Normans, even today there are about half a million African Arabs settled in Italy. There are also other 100,000 Africans apart from the Arabs which have immigrated to Italy in recent years.