Employment in China
Employment in China stretches across many different industries, offering a challenge to the people of China to fill many different demanding jobs. With nearly 1.3 billion people in the country, this is a good scenario. In order to foster a stable economy with low unemployment, the state puts policies in place to keep business running smoothly. These rules come through the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China as well as the Labor Law of the People’s Republic of China, which create market reforms to fuel more jobs.
This moves the focus of China from a rigid, state economy to a planned one, which looks better to many foreign groups. The jobs they create as they move to China employ more people, make skilled work more widespread, and lead to education growth and greater success for China.
System of Rule
Today, China is a communist state with a fairly Western economy – a new hybrid style of state. This balance allows China to attract outside groups while putting an increased focus on job training and learning for workers. This keeps all in the country working or learning the skills needed to find jobs later in life.
By their own standards, China has a rule of mutual respect, equality, and mutual benefit between its state, employers, and workers. This has led to more jobs and less people out of work. By bringing all parties to the same table, many laws have been made that increase the state of living for workers while keeping a constant supply of people to factories. China now supports age limits on workers, fights child labor, and even has laws in place fighting sexism against men or women at work.
New fields of work bring jobs from the West to many people in the East. There is a high demand for those with a strong knowledge of computers, including coders, engineers, and IT workers in general. Strong, stable groups like IBM and Apple have interests in China, seeing high output with lower wages than in other nations. Yet even as such groups see these things, wages rise for the Chinese people, and groups are forced to provide more to attract workers. With young people pouring out of Chinese schools with skills in computers and IT, such jobs must compete, as in a free market, for the best workers. This leads to continued growth, as has been seen in the past few decades, and strengthens China’s economy and influence.
Labor and Welfare in China
Since the Communist takeover of China in 1949 by Moa Zedong and his supporters, the labor force of China has been under the control of the state. There were many modern military productions during the early stages of the People’s Republic; nuclear weapons, delivery systems, and satellites were manufactured. The 1980s were marked by China being the world’s largest producer of fuel, most notably in the hydroelectric sector. After increasing social unrest during the 1970s and 1980s, China saw another wave of economic reform that ended in a decentralizing of economic authority and an opening of China’s boarders to free-trade.
In the People’s Republic of China, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security is in charge of the social welfare system. From the beginning of China’s socialist state in the late 1940s to the 1980s, the state was the sole provider for the citizens’ needs from birth to death. Everything from childcare to housing to job placement was state-owned and operated. Through economic reforms starting in the late 1970s, the welfare system has become decentralized plus more labor-conscious programs have been put in place such as unemployment insurance, worker’s compensation, and maternity benefits.